IP Indian Journal of Neurosciences

Khyati Education And Research Foundation

Email : editor@khyatieducation.org
Registered Under Government of India NGO – Indian Trust Act 1882

Quality of life and depressive symptoms in patients with lumbar disc herniation undergoing open discectomy: a 6-month follow up study from a tertiary care hospital in eastern india

Article : Open access

Article type : Research Article

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Year : 2020

Author : Hitendra M Naik, Samarendra Nath Ghosh, Pradeep Kumar Saha, Parthasarathy Biswas

Page no : 59-66

Abstract : Introduction : Aim of this 6-month follow-up study was to find the difference between the Quality of Life (QOL) and depressive symptoms of patients with Lumbar Disc Herniation undergoing open discectomy attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India Materials and Methods: Hundred patients fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. Twenty patients either dropped out of follow-up or were not able to complete the investigations. Eighty patients was the final patient population. Socio-demographic profile sheet, Clinical profile sheet, GHQ 12, SF-36 for Quality of Life and Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale were used at Presurgery i.e. at baseline (S0), at 1 months (S1), at 3 months (S2), and at 6 months (S3) post-discectomy. Results: Sixty-three percent of patients were male and majority (75%) was from rural background. The most common site of disc herniation was at L4-L5 followed by L5-S1.Various subscales of SF-36 showed significant improvement at 3 months and 6-months post operation. GHQ-12 scores were significantly lower at the end of 6 months indicating an improvement in general physical and mental health. Depressive symptoms on MADRS showed that at the end of 6 months the scores were significantly lower compared to pre-surgery scores and at 6 months they could be categorized in the euthymic range. Conclusion: The discectomy procedure not only relieves the pain symptom but also improves depression resulting from pain symptoms, functionality, general health and overall quality of life of patients suffering from herniated lumbar disc. Initial lack of improvement in pain symptoms and functionality post surgery could be due to Depressive symptoms. Assessment of depressive symptoms and its treatment could improve both functionality as well as perceived pain. Keywords: Herniated disc, Low back pain, Quality of Life, Depressive Symptoms.