Author : Manu Malhotra, Priyanka Goirala, Saurabh Varshney, Shalini Rao, Rashmi Malhotra
Abstract : Introduction: Nasal glial heterotropia is a rare developmental anomaly in which normal mature glial tissue presents as intranasal and/or extranasal masses. It can present in all ages, though it is more commonly diagnosed in paediatric age groups. Only a limited number of cases are reported worldwide.
Aim: To report a rare case of intra- nasal glial heterotropia in an infant.
Case Description: The authors here report the first case from Himalayan region in India. The condition presented in an infant and was diagnosed with the help of clinical, ultraonographic Doppler, Computerised Tomographic Scans and histopathology. The case was treated with complete surgical excision.
Conclusion: Nasal glial heterotropia, though rare, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a nasal mass in a young paediatric patient. The diagnosis can be reached with clinical, radiological (Sonography Scans /CT/MRI) and histopathological methods, including immunohistochemistry. Finally, complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice.
Keywords: Nasal glial heterotropia, Nasal glioma, Encephalocele, Nasal mass, Glial fibrillary acidic protein.